Our complex world continues to prosper. It continues to grow and change. The world as we know it and enjoy it is the way it is in part from engineers and the services they provide for us to enjoy. When we cross bridges, flush a toilet, run a lawn mower or enjoy the convenience of driving our car thank an engineer.
The branches of engineering run far and wide. The many concentrations and extensions of engineering services allow us to enjoy the benefits we do in society.
Civil engineering is of utmost importance to allow for society to blend growth, functionality and natural environments. The designs, construction and maintenance civil engineers provide allow us to use the land without exploiting it.
Within civil engineering there are several sub-disciplines. Each brings a unique twist to the discipline and helps transform the environment.
Geotechnical engineering explores the use of raw materials coming from the Earth and how using the resources will affect the environment as well as the project on a whole. As the name implies they are mainly concerned with the geological resources within a civil engineering project site.
They explore, extract and process the raw substances and give analysis and recommendations based on the information collected. For instance when doing land surveys they often perform a soil analysis. If the soil analysis were to find substances within the soil that could be hazardous if leaked into a water supply a project may be moved to another plot of land.